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TORINO 10124 – Via Guastalla , n. 5

Phone : + 39 011 5694505

Mobile Phone : + 39 335 57 95 469

E-mail : maurizio.merlomm@libero.it

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Site web : www.mauriziomerlo.net


Turin, Italy (Italian: Torino, pronounced [to

ˈriːno]; Piedmontese: Turin, pronounced

[tyˈɾiŋ]; Latin: Augusta Taurinorum) is a city and an important

business  and  cultural  centre  in  northern Italy,  capital of

the Piedmont region,  located mainly  on the  left bank of the

Po River, in front of Susa Valley and surrounded by the

western Alpine arch.

The population of the city proper is 911,823 (December 2012)

while the population of the urban area

is estimated by Eurostat to be 1.7 million inhabitants.

The Turin metropolitan area is estimated by the OECD to have

a population of 2.2 million.

The city has a rich culture and history, and is known for its

numerous art galleries, restaurants, churches, palaces, opera

houses, piazzas, parks, gardens, theatres, libraries, museums

and other venues. Turin is well known

for its baroque, rococo, neo-classical, and Art

Nouveau architecture.

Much of the city’s public squares, castles, gardens and

elegant palazzi such as Palazzo Madama, were built in the

16th and 18th century, after the capital of the

Duchy of Savoy (later Kingdom of Sardinia) was moved to

Turin from Chambery (nowadays France) as part of the urban


Turin is sometimes called the “cradle of Italian liberty”, for

having been the birthplace and home of notable politicians and

people who contributed to the Risorgimento,

such as Cavour. The city currently hosts some of Italy’s best

universities, colleges, academies, lycea and gymnasia, such

as the six-century-old University of Turin and

the Turin Polytechnic. Prestigious and important museums,

such as the Museo Egizio and the Mole Antonelliana are also

found in the city. Turin’s several monuments and sights make it

one of the world’s top 250 tourist destinations, and the tenth

most  visited city in Italy in 2008.

The city used to be a major European political centre, being

Italy’s first capital city in

1861 and being home to the House of Savoy, Italy’s royal

family. Even though much

of its political significance and importance had been lost

by World War II, it became a

major European crossroad for industry, commerce and

trade,and currently is one of

Italy’s main industrial centres, being part of the famous

industrial triangle“, along with Milan and Genoa.

Turin is ranked third in Italy, after Milan and Rome,

for economic strength.

With a GDP of $58 billion, Turin is the world’s 78th richest city

by purchasing power, and as of 2010 has been ranked

by GaWC as a Gamma- world city.

Turin is also home to much of the Italian automotive industry.

Turin is well known as the home of the Shroud of Turin, th

e football teams Juventus

F.C. and Torino F.C., the headquarters of automobile

manufacturers FIAT, Lancia and Alfa Romeo, Iveco and as

host of the 2006 Winter

Olympics. Several International Space Station modules, such

as Harmony and Columbus, were also manufactured in Turin.

It was the capital of

the Duchy of Savoy from 1563, then of the Kingdom of

Sardinia ruled by the Royal

House of Savoy and finally the first capital of the unified Italy.

It is often referred to as “the Capital of the Alps”. Turin is also

known as “the

Automobile Capital of Italy” or the Detroit of Italy as it is home

of FIAT; in Italy it is also called “[La] capitale Sabauda”.